Hundreds of years of storm and water have been working on these old rocks. Today, bizarre patterns and rusty-red marks are shown on many spots of the old iron-oxide containing stones. These are the sandstone cliffs of Heligoland, a small island soaring in the German bight. Heligoland is Germanys only island located in the open sea, approximately 60 km away from the mainland.
The flora and fauna of Heligoland on earth and underneath the water is incredibly diverse and all the living beings are very important indicators for changes in the ecosystem of the North Sea.
The island is also breeding area for countless of birds like the black legged Kittiwakes (Rissa trydactila). Counting more than 7.000 annual breeding pairs the Kittiwakes built the strongest fraction of the sea bird colony on the island.
Every evening when the last light touches the western cliff side before the sun goes down in the sea, the typical ‘Kekewiek-call’ of the small gulls can be heard resounding between the steep sandstone walls.